BATHYRA


BATHYRA
BATHYRA, place in the toparchy of Batanea (i.e., bashan , east of Golan) founded by Jewish military settlers from Babylonia. Desirous of defending his borders from attacks by the neighboring Trachonites, herod decided to settle a large number of Jews in the area of Bathyra with the further intention that it would serve also as a base for his own military offensives. Upon learning that zamaris , a Jew from Babylon, had crossed the Euphrates with five hundred horsemen and was staying near Antioch under the patronage of Saturninus, the governor of Syria, Herod offered them the territory for the proposed buffer-zone, promising to rescind all taxes and tributes. The Babylonians took possession of the land, building fortresses and a village named Bathyra. The settlers defended not only the local population from Trachonite brigandage, but also Jewish pilgrims from Babylonia on their way to Jerusalem. The family of Zamaris became a major ally of Herod, supporting his policies as well as those of the two Agrippas. Although Bathyra remained their base, members of the family also resided throughout the neighboring territories. Relatives of Philip, grandson of Zamaris, were among the prominent residents of Gamala at the beginning of the Roman War (66 C.E.). Philip played a vital if somewhat ambiguous part during that uprising, as well as in the events in Jerusalem on the eve of the outbreak of the war in 66. It was his task to secure Batanea from insurrection against Agrippa II and the Romans. Numerous scholars have made the connection between Bathyra and the rabbis referred to in the Talmud as "the sons of bathyra ," who held high offices in Jerusalem until they were superseded by Hillel. However, it is improbable that there was any connection between the warriors of Bathyra and the rabbinical "sons of Bathyra." -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 17:23ff.; Jos., Life, 46ff., 177ff.; H. Graetz, in: MGWJ, 1 (1851), 115ff.; Stern, in: Tarbiz, 35 (1965/66), 251–3; Neusner, Babylonia, 1 (1965), 38ff. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BATHYRA, SONS OF — (according to TB; in TJ known as Elders of Bathyra ), members of a famous Jewish family who were prominent from the first century B.C.E. to the second century C.E. Some scholars conjecture that the family was named after the city of bathyra in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah ben Bathyra — or simply Judah Bathyra (also Beseira, Hebrew: יהודה בן בתירא) was an eminent tanna. He must have lived before the destruction of the Temple, since he prevented a pagan in Jerusalem from partaking of the Paschal offering. Thereupon he received… …   Wikipedia

  • JUDAH BEN BATHYRA — JUDAH BEN BATHYRA, tanna of the second century C.E. He was apparently a student of Eliezer b. Hyrcanus and joshua b. hananiah (Pes. 3:3; Eduy. 8:3; Neg. 9:3, 11:7), and an associate of Akiva (Kelim 2:7) and Tarfon (Peah 3:6). His name is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Juda ben Bathyra — Juda (ben) Bathyra (hébreu : רבי יהודה בן בתירא Rabbi Yehouda ben Bateira) est un éminent docteur de la Mishna de la première génération, antérieure à la destruction du second Temple de Jérusalem, en 70 EC. Éléments biographiques Les seuls… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PHILIP OF BATHYRA — (first century C.E.), son of Jacimus and grandson of Zamaris, rulers of Bathyra in the district of Trachonitis. He was a friend of Agrippa II, who appointed him commander of the army in Bathyra. Josephus describes him as excelling in combat and…… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah ben Bathyra II — (fl. 2nd cent)    Babylonian tanna, possibly the grandson of Judah ben Bathyra I. He was born in Rome and studied in Palestine. Subsequently he went to Babylon and settled in Nisibis. At the time of the Hadrianic persecutions, he was regarded as… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Philip of Bathyra — (1st century)    Judean military commander. The village and fortress of Bathyra in Trachonitis (part of the Golan Heights) were founded by Philip’s grandfather and guarded the pilgrim route from Babylonia to Jerusalem. When the revolt against the …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Judah ben Bathyra I — (fl. 1st cent)    Babylonian tanna. He lived in Jerusalem in his youth, but left Palestine before the destruction of the Temple and settled in Nisibis in Babylon …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Chazal — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim For the 20th Century writer, see Malcolm de Chazal. Chazal or Ḥazal (Hebrew: חז ל‎) is an acronym for the Hebrew Ḥakhameinu Zikhronam Liv rakha , (ח …   Wikipedia

  • Batanée — La Batanée[1] actuellement Al Bathaniya[2] est une plaine fertile du sud de la Syrie actuelle. À l est du Golan à l ouest de la Trachonitide et au nord de l Auranitide qui est la région frontalière avec la Jordanie. C est une partie de l ancien… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.